The city

The city

Hódmezővásárhely is a town having the second largest administrative area and also one of the economic, cultural and art centers in the southern region of the Great Plain. There are written memories from the 13th century that the two villages of Hód and Vásárhely became one already in the Middle Ages and belonged to the landed property of János Hunyadi. Thanks to the dynamic development during both the reform era and the dualism the cosy centre of the town was established and it was at that time that Kossuth Square consisting mostly of original buildings even today was built.
Since the changes of the regime the main aim has been to make it a pleasant place to live in and to preserve the traditional values, the local features in the time of globalization.
The aspect of the town has been transformed to a great extent due to the infrastructural developments and besides this cultural and artistic life is showing unbroken prosperity. Hódmezővásárhely is the island of peace ensuring the possibility of pleasant, civilized and qualitative life.

Cittaslow

200 towns and cities of more than 30 countries all over the world belong to Cittaslow movement, the association of settlements convenient to live in. The purpose of the movement is to protect the local values, to use solutions and technologies which develop the quality of environment of city-life, to create living conditions requirable for citizens and to preserve the unique values and traditions featuring the town. The protection of the traditional relations of production rooting in culture and traditions is a must and at the same time the attainment of social awareness has to be stimulated. We should consider the quality of our environment to a greater extent and by this it is possible to reach a higher level of conditions on several fields of life which can lead to the creation of a development policy based on the own identity of the town. Hódmezővásárhely has been the only Hungarian member town of Cittaslow movement since 2009.

Old Calvinist Church

Visiting the church having been completely renovated it is worth having a look at the organ, the restored panel work of the ceiling and the organ-loft, the glass windows as well as the mechanism of clock in the tower from where visitors can have a wonderful panorama of the town.

Bicycles

Hódmezővásárhely is the town of bicycles. An approximately 60km long bike-road guarantees safe traffic in the town and also in its surroundings. According to inquiries there are 30000 bikes used by citizens.

János Tornyai Cultural Quarter

In 2012. a new inner city was created in Hódmezővásárhely. The János Tornyai Cultural Quarter reformed the appearance of the town basically and re-formed the life of the area. A spectacular promenade with peaceful atmosphere was built in Dr. Rapcsák András Street, János Tornyai Museum was renewed and enlarged considerably, the House of Culture named after Ferenc Bessenyei, the famous actor of Vásárhely origin, became the intellectual and cultural centre of the town. Alföldi Gallery is expecting its visitors and world-famous exhibitions in worthy conditions. Unique treasures are hiding in the Serbian-Orthodox Church renovated both outside and inside but its real ornaments are the unique icons.

Sculptures

We can find statues, works of art in each roundabout of the town with the aim of supporting local artists.

Embroidery, folk-art

At the turn of the 19th century Hódmezővásárhely used to be the centre of pottery so compared with other towns the highest number of potters lived and worked here. The best proof of the variety of the famous Vásárhelyi ceramics is the fact that green color was used in Újváros, the basic color of ceramics in Tabán was yellow and masters from Csúcs worked with cobalt blue glazed patterns on a white background. There are some masters of folk-art even among today’s potters still working. Preserving the traditions they continued onward ancient forms and motifs.

The embroidery of Hódmezővásárhely has also got great reputation. Threads used to be made from hair of sheep, wool and it was dyed with coloring matter of plants and vegetables thus creating a really unique color effect. Its ornamental elements are stylized plants, vegetables, leaves and flowers, apples, tulips, peonies, peacock-butterflies, drinking cups, as well as birds.

Memory Point

The Memory Point is the first in Hungary and perhaps throughout all Europe as well showing its visitors the history of the town and also what the era of the communist dictatorship has meant for the people living here.
Memorial Point has permanent and temporary exhibitions using the most modern show- technologies and museum pedagogical possibilities in order to make the historical processes affecting Hódmezővásárhely and its citizens before the decades of 1990. conceivable.

Synagogue/ Holocaust Memorial Museum

On the basis of the plans of Miksa Müller, the synagogue got its present design between 1906-1908. Even after its renovation in 2004., the secessionist decoration of the impressive house of prayer using Moorish style-elements as well, is an amazing sight. On the building site belonging to the synagogue the building of the previous Israeli public elementary school can be found with the first permanent provincial holocaust exhibition of Hungary.

Sports

Hódmezővásárhely is a favorite place of sport fans. First in the country „Healthy Vásárhely Programme” was introduced and thanks to the „P.E. Every Day” project a most great variety of sporting possibilities is available. The Török Sándor Bath and Gyarmati Dezső Swimming Pool play an important part in this. The Bath with its medical waters of high quality and open-air pools, the indoor swimming pool, which is suitable for international sport events, with its services like wellness pools, massage, sauna and others promoting relaxing and recovery ensures perfect circumstances for water-sport lovers.

Mártély

The backwaters of Mártély, which belongs to the administration of Hódmezővásárhely, with its picturesque beauty and perfect possibilities for active touristic life can be found 6km from the town. Visitors can follow the favorite scenes of anglers on bikes or in canoes, too. Along the 13km-long walking trail nature-loving hikers can get to know how flood areas came to being as well as its flora and fauna. Bodnár Bertalan Nature- and Education Centre with its different services is open for tourists all the year round and Kalandpark (Adventure Park) gives a brilliant opportunity for people of all ages to try themselves.

The world of farms / Reading Circles

The world of isolated farms is an organic part of Vásárhely. There used to be about 7000 of them around 1949. This number has decreased significantly by now and the number of isolated farms is less than 300 but even in our days they are very typical of the Great Plain and characterize its landscape to a great extent.

Having „reading circles” is a special feature of the town. The first one was formed in 1869. and its leader was András Szametz, captain of the national guard in 1848. By the end of the 19th century Vásárhely had become the „town of reading circles”. After the changing of the regime „reading circle movement” revived and nowadays more than a dozen of them exist playing an important part in the life of the town with their strong community-forming power.

Bethlen Gábor Calvinist Grammar School

Education has been continuous in the Calvinist Grammar School of the town since 1723. The library with its 70000 volumes and museum materials make up a collection with national importance among grammar schools.

Black Eagle Café and Event House

Black Eagle Café and Event House built in 1905 and it was restored and reopened in 1998. It has become one of the program houses of Csongrád County suitable to accommodate the highest number of people. The Ball Room, which is the second largest ball rooms of Central Europe built without columns is suitable for receiving 400 people. Besides this boxes, an exclusive salon and extra halls ensure entertainment for guests.
The Café with its terrace comfortable for 80 people is open every day for those longing for relax.

Brick-architecture

In the huge outskirts of Hódmezővásárhely clay of exceptionally good quality can be found so local people used to make buildings mainly of bricks. The earliest monument of this is the church from the Middle Ages in the one-time village called Csomorkány. It was built completely of bricks just like most of the houses of the peasants and middle-class people. Churches and public buildings were also covered with bricks not to mention buildings of factories. As a result of this the appearance of the town is determined by buildings with brick fronts and made individual even throughout the country. They belong to the architectural-cultural treasures of Hungary.

Water (Flood) Preventing Wall

A lot of people think it to be a castle-wall but in fact it was built with the purpose of protecting the town from flood. The brick wall is a unique sight even among the sights of towns and cities on the Great Plain. It was built after the Great Flood of Szeged in 1879. This characteristic construction, which is typical of the look of the town, stretches from Bocskai Street to the edge of Tarján quarter. From the direction of the north 17,5km of it is made of earth and 3km in the south is made of bricks.

Town Hall

The Town Hall made on the basis of the plans of Lajos Ybl was consecrated in 1894. at the festive meeting of the general assembly.
In the turning of the staircase opposite the main entrance we can see the statue of the Wooden Hungarian Soldier made by János Pásztor. On the wall of the ceremonial room the portraits of the following historical notabilities can be seen: Lajos Kossuth, Ferenc Deák, Queen Elizabeth, King József Ferenc, Ferenc Rákóczi II., Earl Miklós Bercsényi.

 

 

Hódmezővásárhely - The city

Made: 2015. 10. 07. 

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